Legal and Regulated Online Gaming in Canada

Welcome to Canada Gaming Review, your home for honest reviews and leading industry news on the Canadian online gambling industry.

The Canadian online gaming market is in for an exciting 2022, with new options and expansion across the country. The repeal of the ban on single-game betting in August of 2021 was an important step forward, kickstarting the development of new products and new ideas across Canada.

While the basic legal structure for gambling in Canada is a federal responsibility, it is up to each province to implement those laws as they see fit. That creates something of a patchwork of provincial regulators and regional differences, so where you live will determine what options are available to you.

The goal of Canada Gaming Review is to provide an honest, independent analysis of the legal, regulated gaming options in Canada, to give players the tools they need to make intelligent choices about where and how to play. This page will look at the kinds of gambling available to Canadians, how those offerings change across the country and specific details about each jurisdiction.

Read on to learn about how and where you can gamble online in Canada. Wherever you live, whether you are interested in online sports betting, taking a spin at an online casino, running your dream team in daily fantasy sports, or playing a few hands of online poker, Canada Gaming Review can help you find the safe, legal way to play.

Canada Online Gaming Market: Latest Updates

Where is Sports Betting and Gaming Legal in Canada?

See at a glance where Canadian mobile sports betting and gambling is regulated.

offers legal and regulated online sports betting, casino, poker and lottery.

offers legal and regulated online sports betting, casino and lottery, but no online poker yet.

does not yet have any regulated online sports betting or gaming.

Canadian Online Gambling: Overview by Province

Full list of legal online casino, poker and sports betting across all 13 provinces and territories.

Indicates that operators are live in the jurisdiction

Indicates that it is legal and regulated, but no operators have gone live yet.

Online Casinos Online Poker Online Sports Betting
Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Northwest Territories
Nova Scotia
Nunavut
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Quebec
Saskatchewan
Yukon

More Canada Market Updates

Dots

Types of Online Gaming Available in Canada

Online Casino

Nearly every Canadian has access to a legal, regulated online casino through their provincial gaming site. The specific offerings will vary from province to province, but Saskatchewan is the only province without some form of provincially regulated online gaming access.

While casino players in Ontario currently have no regulated option beyond OLG.ca, that is likely to change with the new commercial bids starting in Apr. That will eventually give Ontarians more regulated options in the casino space as well as the sports betting space.

Online Sportsbooks

Canada’s online sports betting market is perhaps the most exciting in 2022 after the federal government repealed the ban on single-event betting in August of last year. That expanded the market from the existing parlay betting available to most Canadians to include the option to bet on just one game or outcome.

In April of 2022, the sports betting market in Ontario, Canada’s largest province, is set to expand when the province opens up to commercial bidders. That should significantly improve the market for Ontario consumers with more competition and choice.

Most Canadians have access to a legal, regulated online sportsbook through their provincial gaming site, but not all provinces have implemented online or single-event betting yet. See our review of online sportsbooks at Canada Gaming Review.

Online Poker

Poker in Canada is a bit more of a patchwork, with several provinces having no access to regulated, legal poker. As gambling is implemented provincially, not all provinces have chosen to deploy all products, and poker is the one most often left out in the dark.

At present, Quebec, Manitoba, and British Columbia have access to legal, regulated poker options available to them through espacejeux and PlayNow. Those three provinces with more than 15 million people residing in them are part of a shared poker player pool with MB and BC sharing through PlayNow and Quebec in the mix through espacejeux.

No other provinces have regulated poker options. Many Canadians play online poker using grey-market, offshore operators, and access to those operators is available widely across Canada. However, some jurisdictions like Ontario are looking to add online poker to their local regulated offerings, and that will likely have an impact on grey-market operators.

For example, when Ont opens to commercial interests in April, bidding operators will have to offer a geofenced product without a shared player pool outside Ontario. This will mean that grey-market operators will need to stop serving Ontario customers or risk being blacklisted under the new regulated regime.

At present, no other jurisdiction seems poised to impact the grey market in a similar way, but that could change depending on the results in Ontario. Further, the Ontario plan to open a geofenced market available only to Ontarians may also change with the negotiation of combined player pools with other combined operations in Canada like the PlayNow/espacejeux pool.

Currently, the regulated poker market in Canada is in flux, and the situation will be changing in the short term for Canada’s largest province, but at least for now, the situation will remain unchanged for players outside Ontario.

Fantasy Sports

Fantasy sports is a smaller segment of the Canadian market, but one served by at least one of the provincial/regional lottery or gaming sites. The ALC, which serves residents of Canada’s four maritime provinces, NB, NS, PEI, and NL, offers fantasy sports as part of its standard product package.

However, other provincial/regional gaming sites have not yet added DFS to their offerings, so for the moment at least, DFS remains largely unregulated across Canada.

Online Lottery

Every Canadian has access to online lottery play through their provincial or regional lottery/gaming site. Lottery play in Canada tends to be organized regionally, with Ontario, Quebec, and British Columbia acting as their own regions.

Prairie provinces Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba combine with the territories under the Western Canada Lottery Corporation (WCLC), while the four maritime provinces combine together under the Atlantic Lottery Corp (ALC).

Our guide to online lottery play in Canada will help you find all the information you need.

Banking: Common Deposits and Withdrawal Options in Canada

As a result of the provincial regulation in Canada, specific banking details will vary somewhat from province to province. The options yend to be quite consistent across the country, with credit cards and Interac Online accepted for deposits in most places. Check specific province/operator details for the options available in each market.

Deposit

Withdrawal

Electronic bank transfer is generally the only withdrawal option across Canada from casino, sports betting, and poker operators in Canada, though for some large withdrawals over $100,000, payment would be by cheque.

FAQs

Is sports betting legal in Canada?

Yes. Sports betting is legal across Canada, currently served by provincial gaming sites like OLG.ca or PlayNow.com depending on where you live. The specific kinds of bets allowed, as well as the sports and events you can bet on, will vary from province to province.

Are Online Casinos Legal in Canada?

Yes. Online casino play is regulated provincially in Canada, so each province has its own portal to online casino play. Check out our handy list of provinces and offerings above.

Are US Sportsbooks legal in Canada?

No. The sports betting market in Canada is controlled by each province, and at present, there are no Canadian provinces regulating offshore sportsbooks for Canadians. That means US-based sportsbooks taking Canadian customers are grey-market operators working outside the law.

That situation is et to change beginning Apr 2022, however, as Canada’s most populous province, Ontario, starts accepting bids for licensed commercial operators. That will make Ontario the first Canadian jurisdiction to regulate offshore sportsbooks, and provide the first legal entry into the Canadian market for global sportsbooks.

What is the legal age to place online sports bets in Canada?

The legal gambling age in Canada varies by provincial jurisdiction, so where you live will determine what age you can begin to play. In Alberta, Manitoba, and Quebec, the legal gambling age is 18, while residents of the rest of Canada must wait until they are 19 to start betting, online or in-person.

What Online Sportsbooks are Expected in Canada?

When Ontario opens to commercial bidding in Apr 2022, it is expected that most major global sportsbooks will be interested. As a market of nearly 15 million people, it is the largest single market in Canada, containing almost 40% of the country’s population, so it will be of interest to many global sportsbooks.

Among the big-name operators who have already expressed interest with deals to get a foothold in the about-to-open market are Penn National Inc/Barstool and PointsBet. Both operators recently inked deals with Canadian entities directly related to the sports betting market that seems specifically designed to prop open the door for an eventual bid in Ontario.

Are gambling winnings taxed in Canada?

Generally no. In Canada, gambling wins are considered “windfalls” and as such are generally not taxable. However, for high-volume gamblers, it may be best to seek legal tax help to answer this question, as there are potential scenarios where gambling income may be taxable.

If it can be determined that the gambler is “making a living” from their gambling using a system designed to give them an edge, with tracking and forecasting of results, the activity can be deemed as work instead of gambling, and thus be taxable. Further, money earned through things like sponsorships related to your gambling activity will almost certainly be taxable.